History of Loudi
2012/3/28 11:51:12

  There are one district, two cities and two counties in Loudi Municipality, which were originally administrated by Shaoyang

  Municipality. Its organization system and subjection had been in changing along with the development of history. Xinhua County in particular, went through a complicated and intricate process, being quite a legend.

  Many minority nationalities lived here in ancient times. It’s said that the ancient people were descendants of Pan Gu (creator of the universe in Chinese mythology). They belonged to Sanmiao and Jiuli Tribe, and ruled by the king of Zhuan Xu. For a long period of time in Chinese history, the ancient people in Loudi area carried out a series of violent fighting towards Huaxia People & Dongyi People but in vain; therefore, they had to migrate southward. At present, many nationality minorities in Guizhou and Yunnan Province are the descendants of the ancient people here. Those left were reconciled and assimilated with the Han people (esp. those from Jiangxi), thus making the final outlay of today with 99.9% of people here are of Han ethnic group.

  Loudi area was a corner of Jingzhou in the Xia Dynasty, Shang Dynasty & Zhou Dynasty and was subject to the Country of Chu during the warring states period. After the unification of China in the Qin Dynasty, Loudi area was officially listed as part of the national territory. It was subordinated to Changsha Prefecture, becoming an essential part of the Country. However, quite interestingly, two administrations coexisted in Loudi territory, one part belonged to the Qin Dynasty, and the other kept its original system, where people lived a primitive life, thus were regarded as Meishan Savages. The grass-root organizations (Dong) of the Meishan people are different from those of the Qin Dynasty, which are Ting, Li and Shi. According to legends, there were 10 Dongs whose leaders were called Lord of the Dong. Dong people had distinctive surnames, such as Fu, Su, Xiang, Lan, Qing, Zhao and Bo. Those having migrated to Meishan for the evasion of wars and fighting were with the surnames of Chen, Zou, Liu and Luo, etc. Just like living in an independent kingdom, they were not subject to the administration of the Qin Dynasty. Besides, such situation lasted until the Northern Song Dynasty (1072AD). During this process, rulers of the past dynasties on the one hand adopted blockade policy, strictly forbidding the communication between Han ethnic group and Dong Tribes; one the other hand, they went on a punitive expedition towards the Dong Tribe. Meishan was besieged and thousands of people were arrested and then killed in 976 AD, and in the next year, 20 thousand people suffered the same destiny. However, Meishan people fought back and they never surrendered. Thus, Song Renzong (one beneficent emperor of the Song Dynasty) adopted mollification policy towards Meishan people. In 1047 AD, negotiators were dispatched to Meishan, and then 400 people were offered amnesty and enlistment. 1063 AD, a suggestion of Meishan exploitation was proposed by Zhang Jie, the magistrate of Yiyang County. The prohibition on the cultivation of Meishan lands in conjunction with Yiyang was cancelled. In 1070 AD, many ministers of the Song Dynasty suggested that Meishan people should be administered by County system and given fields and therefore legal status. Song Shenzong adopted their suggestions and negotiations were processed. In November 1070 AD, Meishan was officially announced as a lawful area of the Song Dynasty. The people of Meishan, (totally 11849 families, 19089 adult men and 260436 mu lands) were incorporated as legal residents of the Song Dynasty. Two towns were then established in Meishan, one is Xinhua Town (referring to the new lands being subject to the administration of the Emperor), and the other is Anhua Town (meaning that the people settling down with moralization).

  As the first county administration established in Loudi territory, Xinhua was subordinated to Shaoyang County in Song Dynasty, to Baoqinglu in Yuan Dynasty and Baoqing Prefecture in Ming and Qing Dynasty. Other counties and cities of Loudi area, Shuangfeng area belonged to Xiangnan County of Changsha Prefecture in the Qin Dynasty, to Xiangxiang County since the Han Dynasty. Most parts of Lianyuan area were subject to the administration of Xiangnan County, Liandao County, Xiangxiang County and Shaoling County from the Qin Dynasty to the East Jin Dynasty. After the Northern Song Dynasty, all areas of Lianyuan had been under the rule of Xiangxiang, Shaoyang, Anhua and Xinhua County for a long period of time. Louxing District area had been subjected to the administration of Xiangxiang since the Han Dynasty. Lengshuijiang area belonged to Meishan before the Song Dynasty and subjected to the rule of Xinhua County afterwards.

  In September 1977, Lianyuan Prefecture was approved by the State Council. (It was renamed Loudi Prefecture in December 1982. Loudi was transferred to prefecture administration in January 1999.) From then on Loudi rises in the middle of Hunan Province, affecting the whole Province and a new era was then created.

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